The Paris Climate Agreement: What’s Next and How We Can Meet Our Climate Goals
For the first time in history, the Paris Agreement brought all nations — including the top emitters of greenhouse gases — together in 2015 to fight the climate crisis. U.S. leadership was critical in getting us there.
Now the U.S. is back in the Paris Agreement, after President Biden reversed the Trump administration’s withdrawal.
At this make-or-break moment for our planet, Earthjustice is advancing bold and equitable climate solutions to meet the goals of the Paris Agreement and keep our planet livable.
What to know about the Paris Agreement:
What does the Paris Agreement do?
The Paris Agreement is a historic global climate agreement that came into force in 2016 and has been signed by 197 nations.
Its goal is to hold global temperature rise to “well below 2, preferably to 1.5 degrees Celsius, compared to pre-industrial levels” and cut net greenhouse gas emissions to zero by mid-century.
Each country sets its own non-binding emissions reduction targets, known as Nationally Determined Contributions, and outlines the actions they will take to meet the Paris Agreement targets. In 2021, countries will submit their goals for 2030 and their plans to get there. The U.S. has committed to cutting emissions by 50%–52% below 2005 levels by 2030.
The Paris Agreement delivers a powerful signal to business, investors, and communities that the nations of the world are committed to curbing emissions and accelerating the transition to a clean energy economy. It drives public policy and is a clarion call to the financial industry to reassess their bets on fossil fuels and embrace the biggest investment opportunity of the century: renewable energy.
What happens now that President Biden has rejoined the Paris Agreement?
President Biden announced on the first day of his presidency that the U.S. would rejoin the Paris Agreement, and our re-entry took effect in February 2021. This reversed the Trump administration’s withdrawal, which made the U.S. the only country in the world that was not part of the agreement.
President Biden hosted 40 world leaders for a climate summit on Earth Day, an important step to restore U.S. global climate leadership. He announced the U.S. 2030 Nationally Determined Contribution, a new national target for reducing climate pollution over the next decade. Following advocacy from environmental advocates and major businesses, the Biden administration committed to cutting emissions by 50%–52% below 2005 levels by 2030. This target is achievable, consistent with climate science, and in line with President Biden’s goal of reaching net-zero emissions by 2050.
Biden’s summit aimed to build momentum for climate action ahead of the UN Climate Change Conference (COP26) in November 2021. The stakes could not be higher. UN Secretary-General António Guterres has described 2021 as a “make or break year” to tackle the climate crisis and has called on major emitters to “step up with much more ambitious emissions reductions” for 2030.
Is the world on track to meet the goals of the Paris Agreement?
Since the Paris Agreement was signed, there have been signs of progress.
Projected temperature rise by the end of the century has fallen, as the world has begun to shift away from fossil fuels to clean energy. But the UN has warned that even as many countries step up their climate action, “governments are nowhere close to the level of ambition needed to limit climate change to 1.5 degrees and meet the goals of the Paris Agreement.”
In the U.S., progress was stifled by the Trump administration’s unprecedented assault on our environmental protections. Many states and cities stepped up to take the lead, but they have not moved fast enough.
Now, we’re at a turning point. President Biden ran on the most ambitious climate platform in U.S. history, and he has taken swift action to undo Trump’s damage and get us back on the right track. He has proposed a sweeping plan to rebuild our country’s infrastructure in a way that advances climate and environmental justice. At the same time, the Biden administration has allowed polluting projects like the Dakota Access Pipeline to continue operating.
Ahead of COP26, the United Nations’ 2021 climate change conference, the Biden administration and Congress have an opportunity to restore U.S. climate leadership and show the world that we’re serious about meeting our Paris Agreement goals.
What is Earthjustice doing to help reach our climate goals?
Earthjustice is working in the U.S. and around the world to move towards a pollution-free, 100% clean energy future. In this transition, we are working to ensure climate solutions benefit the communities that have borne the brunt of pollution.
We partner with organizations and communities in key countries and regions to establish, strengthen, and enforce legal protections for the environment and catalyze the transition from fossil fuels to renewable energy. We participated in the initial Paris negotiations as a legal advisor to the Republic of Palau, an island nation that is on the frontline of the climate crisis.
For four years, we used the power of the law to hold the line against the Trump administration’s assaults on our environmental laws, filing nearly 200 lawsuits. Now we have an opportunity to strengthen environmental protections and advance policies that will drive transformative change.
What can I do?
Call on your members of Congress to support the American Jobs Plan and invest in a sustainable and just future.
The U.S. is back in the Paris Agreement. Now the real work begins to re-establish the U.S. as a global climate leader and move towards a pollution-free, 100% clean energy economy. We need bold and equitable climate solutions that advance economic, racial, and environmental justice.
President Biden’s plan puts us on the right path by investing in clean energy, zero-emissions transportation, and energy efficient buildings while cleaning up pollution in the most impacted communities.
Congress now has an opportunity to make a once-in-a-generation investment in the future of our country. Earthjustice looks forward to working with the administration and Congress to build on the plan and pass it into law.