Stopping “Bomb Trains” Transporting Liquefied Natural Gas

The liquefied natural gas from just one rail tank car could be enough to destroy a city. A train of 110 tank cars filled with liquefied natural gas would have five times the energy of the Hiroshima bomb.

Case Overview

The explosion risk of transporting volatile liquefied natural gas in vulnerable tank cars through major population centers is off the charts.

If it escapes containment, liquefied natural gas rapidly expands by 600 times its volume to become a highly flammable gas — and can turn into a “bomb train.”

In one of the worst examples of the danger, 131 people were killed and a square mile of Cleveland, Ohio, was destroyed when liquefied natural gas escaped from a tank farm, flowed into the city’s sewer system and ignited in 1944.

Historically, federal law always considered liquefied natural gas too dangerous to carry in tank cars Instead, before the bomb trains rule, liquefied natural gas could only be transported by ships, truck, and — with special approval by the Federal Railroad Administration — by rail in approved United Nations portable tanks.

Yet the Trump administration passed a rule that allows trains to travel the country filled with an unprecedented amount of explosive liquefied natural gas. President Biden has revoked the Trump executive order on liquefied natural gas, but the Biden administration has not directly challenged the rule.

Earthjustice filed a legal challenge to the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration’s rule in the U.S. District Court of Appeals, D.C. Circuit.

The aftermath of Cleveland’s 1944 deadly liquefied natural gas disaster.
The aftermath of Cleveland’s 1944 deadly liquefied natural gas disaster. (James Thomas / The Cleveland Press Collection)

Case Updates

November 16, 2021 In the News: Washington Post

Regulators seek to suspend Trump rule on railway natural gas

Bradley Marshall, Attorney, Florida Office, Earthjustice: “We don’t believe that LNG by rail should have ever been authorized in the first place, so we look forward to the authorization being suspended.”

May 3, 2021 In the News: CBS

Bomb Trains and Terrorism Concerns

Jordan Luebkemann, Attorney, Florida Office, Earthjustice: “There is a really frustrating element to this as well. If you take the terrorism concerns very seriously and try to keep secret the routes this would be taking, then you are subjecting whole communities to this without getting their consent or giving them that awareness.”

Fires engulf homes in Cleveland,Ohio, during a liquefied natural gas disaster in 1944.
March 16, 2021 feature

What You Should Know About Liquefied Natural Gas and Rail Tanker Cars

The Trump administration made it easier to carry dangerous liquefied natural gas in tank cars. The Biden administration should change that.