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February 2, 2018 | Legal Document

Final Reply Brief Chemical Disaster Rule Delay

Final reply brief on behalf of a coalition of workers, scientists and community members near oil refineries and chemical facilities, to challenge the illegal delay of the Chemical Disaster Rule protections.

February 1, 2018 | Legal Document

Prouty Vulnerability of Coral Reefs to Bioerosion from Land-based Sources of Pollution

Ocean acidification (OA), the gradual decline in ocean pH and [CO32- ] caused by rising levels of atmospheric CO2, poses a significant threat to coral reef ecosystems, depressing rates of calcium carbonate (CaCO3) production, and enhancing rates of bioerosion and dissolution. As ocean pH and [CO32- ] decline globally, there is increasing emphasis on managing local stressors that can exacerbate the vulnerability of coral reefs to the effects of OA. We show that sustained, nutrient rich, lower pH submarine groundwater discharging onto nearshore coral reefs off west Maui lowers the pH of seawater and exposes corals to nitrate concentrations 50 times higher than ambient. Rates of coral calcification are substantially decreased, and rates of bioerosion are orders of magnitude higher than those observed in coral cores collected in the Pacific under
equivalent low pH conditions but living in oligotrophic waters. Heavier coral 15N values pinpoint not only site-specific eutrophication, but also a sewage nitrogen source enriched in 15N. Our results show that eutrophication of reef seawater by land-based sources of pollution can
Research Article Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans DOI 10.1002/2017JC013264 This article has been accepted for publication and undergone full peer review but has not been through the copyediting, typesetting, pagination and proofreading process which may lead to
differences between this version and the Version of Record. Please cite this article as doi: 10.1002/2017JC013264
 

February 1, 2018 | Legal Document

Court Opinion Lahaina Injection Wells

The panel affirmed the district court’s summary judgment rulings that the County of Maui violated the Clean Water Act when it discharged pollutants from its wells into the Pacific Ocean, and further finding that the County had fair notice of its violations.

February 1, 2018 | Press Release

Federal Appeals Court Upholds Maui Clean Water Act Decision

The 9th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals rules Maui County violated the Clean Water Act by injecting millions of gallons of treated sewage each day into injection wells that discharge pollutants into the Pacific Ocean

February 1, 2018 | Blog Post

In Memoriam: William Anderson

Former Moapa Band of Paiutes Tribal Chairman William Milton Anderson passed away Jan. 28 in his home at the age of 44. William was an environmental hero and a great Earthjustice ally.

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