The U.S. Department of Transportation’s Office of Civil Rights has announced that it will initiate an investigation of civil rights violations related to the Colorado Department of Transportation’s (CDOT) proposal to expand I-70 through the Globeville and Elyria-Swansea neighborhoods in North Denver.
The decision responds to a complaint, filed Nov. 15 by Earthjustice on behalf of the Colorado Latino Forum, Cross Community Coalition, and Elyria and Swansea Neighborhood Association, alleging that the plan to triple I-70’s width will result in “disparate and severe environmental and economic impacts” on the predominantly Latino communities.
CDOT committed to moving forward with the expansion plan in May, although it has yet to issue its formal Record of Decision. The agency, which receives federal funds for this and other projects, is prohibited by the Civil Rights Act of 1964 from taking actions that have even an unintentional discriminatory impact on citizens on the basis of their race, color, or national origin.
“We are looking forward to making the case that CDOT’s proposal magnifies the already discriminatory impact that I-70 has had on these neighborhoods for decades, leading to reduced life expectancies and the highest rates of pollution-related illnesses in the city,” said Heidi McIntosh, an attorney at Earthjustice who represents the neighborhood advocates.
Interstate 70 was built through the area in the 1960s over the strenuous objections of neighborhood organizations and business owners. Fifty years later, the neighborhood is the most polluted in Colorado. Residents have significantly higher rates of cancer, cardiovascular disease, asthma and asthma-related emergency room visits than the rest of Denver.
The expansion of I-70 to triple its size, adding toll lanes and eliminating access to the highway from the neighborhood, would worsen environmental and health consequences for this community. It would result in increased exposure to freeway-related air pollution and expose residents to airborne dust from existing Superfund sites that are contaminated by lead and arsenic.
It also would increase the disruption to the social fabric of the neighborhood and its economic vitality by destroying at least 56 homes, 13 commercial buildings and the Swansea Elementary School playground. Approximately 200 people will be displaced by the expansion.