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EPA Grants Deathly Delay Of Cement Rule


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View Stephanie Maddin's blog posts
24 December 2012, 11:49 AM
Health of thousands put on hold by weak agency action
Alexandra Allred. (Chris Jordan-Bloch / Earthjustice)

“…My son's school would be named in a USA Today report as being in the upper 1 percent of the most toxic schools in the nation—the same school I butted heads with cement plant executives about being under the toxic plumes while children were at recess.”

– Alex Allred,
50 States United Clean Air Ambassador from Texas

We are taught as children to play fair and to follow the rules. Apparently, everyone doesn’t get the same life lessons. For communities in the shadow of cement plant pollution, the rules of engagement seem to change when it comes to Clean Air Act protections. Last week, the Environmental Protection Agency decided to both weaken and delay an already overdue standard to clean up toxic cement plant emissions.

The decision was legally indefensible with a federal court requesting small technical changes to the standard. These plants emit dangerous levels mercury, lead, dioxin, benzene and fine particulate matter (soot) and are responsible for up to 2,500 premature deaths each year.

Alex Allred, a 50 States Clean Air Ambassador from Texas, moved to Midlothian unaware of its designation as the “Cement Capital of Texas.” Unfortunately, Alex soon learned that the plumes snaking out of the stacks of local cement plants were definitely more than steam and that she now lived in a ring of toxic air pollution.

Her son Tommy developed severe asthma and attended a school directly in the path of the deadly emissions. With many local and state politicians unwilling to require cement plants to clean up their acts, Alex’s community and others looked to the EPA to set federal protections from toxic air pollution. In fact, Allred took her struggle to D.C. and reached out to a Texas senator and was denied a meeting. Her next move was a call to then-Senator Obama. She was relieved to be heard and planted a seed about the plight of communities across the nation. He vowed to help and when he became President of the United States, we all thought change had really come!

After finalizing the protective cement plant standard in 2010, the White House actually blogged about Tommy meeting the president and how they were “working to protect future generations by putting in place standards that will ensure clean, healthy air for all Americans.”

Now, 180 degrees later, we have an administration riding into a second term and giving some of the most vulnerable communities stockings filled with coal for the holidays. (Inhalers would have been more practical.)

In addition to delaying implementation of already overdue standards to clean up toxic cement plant emissions, the agency is also giving polluters a huge deregulation victory by finalizing a definition of solid waste so difficult to meet, that virtually anything can be incinerated with limited pollution controls.

What does this have to do with cement plants? Well the emissions from manufacturing cement are already toxic from burning fossil fuels, now communities must be wary of their local plant adding “supplemental fuels” like tires, spent solvents, construction debris, etc., to reduce fuel costs or create a new revenue stream as a glorified incinerator.

Just a week ago, we experienced an updated soot pollution standard and celebrated the promise of meeting the goal of improved air quality. Today, we see that even final standards can change and disappear without citizens demanding transparency. For industry delays are victory, for communities it can literally mean death or diminished quality of life. This setback will not go unrecognized or unaddressed.

so sad a traitor to the environment

Lisa Jackson head of the epa should be fired without fail,she had on her desk the results on a live hotrun from ashgrove,durkee Oregon plant,for 3 weks this summer existing tech removed 98% of mecury from the emissions it dosent require shutdown time for install nor requires expensive retrofit! Instead she willfully gave the cement industry a 2 year extention and only 93% mecury removal is required,this is cheaper that using the current pac system too but this was used WITH the pac system…she knew this was taking place at the time and had the results yet wont make this the standard…for 98% mercury removal!...its being a traitor to our environment and is criminal,please pass this email around to all groups until it gets the attention it deserves,somebody out there can make it mandatory to clean up the industry,ashgrove,durkee plant is one of the worst polluters and this tech worked like a charm,results don’t lie…see below…and please get this to the right person/group,best regards,Darrell volentine

>

Global Technologies Group, Inc. Final Run Results at Cement Plant
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Global (PINKSHEETS: GTGP) announces the results of the live run at the cement plant incorporating the MBS technology for Mercury capture in the cement plant emission gasses. This final report is the result of the compilation of multiple data sets which were received over a two month period by MSE and a final analysis completed by MSE Technology Applications, Inc.

This run was conducted under various conditions which included different temperatures within the baghouse as well as percentages of run time and the percentages of MBS added to the stream. It showed the optimum conditions for the mercury capture from the gasses which exceed the 98% requirement for mercury capture by the EPA.

This final verified report that we have been looking forward to since the run took place now enables Global to move forward both in the United States and abroad for use both in cement plants as well as power plants.

Global Technologies Group, Inc. (GLOBAL) is a company that is in the business of acquiring exclusive licenses and distribution and reseller contracts on proven technologies in the environmental, green and war fighter industries. The criteria for the licensing or distribution agreements of the technologies are: they must be proven, validated and in use. The business plan of Global is to sublicense the technologies it acquires to companies in Countries covered under the original license grants and for its own use. For our exclusive distribution and reseller agreements, we partner with appropriate representatives in the covered countries for resale of turn key projects. Solucorp Industries is the patent holder and licensor of the MBS/IFS2C technology.

Date: December 3, 2012

MBS Full-Scale Test Run Data Analysis

Background

Molecular Bonding System testing was performed at the MSE Technology Applications, Inc. (MSE) test facility earlier in 2012. That testing proved that MBS when combined with powdered activated carbon (PAC) or used independently removed considerably more mercury from a gas stream than when PAC was used alone. The testing also proved that MBS did not generate any acid gasses, NOx or SOx. Because of this test information, a full-scale test that combined MBS with PAC was performed at a cement plant in August 2012.

Full-Scale Testing

The data generated from the full-scale test of MBS in the cement plant baghouse has been analyzed to better understand the processes that occurred during that test sequence. The approximate quantities of MBS and PAC that were present in the carbon baghouse during the test sequence are presented in Table 1.

Table 1. Baghouse Quantities for MBS and PAC.
-----------------------------------------------------------------
Post exchange Post exchange
Exchange Date ~ % PAC ~ % MBS
-----------------------------------------------------------------
8/7/2012 90.81 9.19
-----------------------------------------------------------------
8/10/2012 90.48 9.52
-----------------------------------------------------------------
8/14/2012 90.29 9.71
-----------------------------------------------------------------
8/17/2012 86.77 13.23
-----------------------------------------------------------------
8/21/2012 83.15 16.85
-----------------------------------------------------------------

The raw data that was generated during the test sequence is presented in Table 2.

Table 2. MBS Full-Scale Test Data.
-----------------------------------------------------------------
Percent Mercury Percent Raw Mill
Test Date Removal Runtime
-----------------------------------------------------------------
8/6/2012 90.94 88.64
-----------------------------------------------------------------
8/7/2012 97.56 92.07
-----------------------------------------------------------------
8/8/2012 98.08 87.87
-----------------------------------------------------------------
8/9/2012 97.08 70.05
-----------------------------------------------------------------
8/10/2012 98.69 100.00
-----------------------------------------------------------------
8/11/2012 98.36 100.00
-----------------------------------------------------------------
8/12/2012 97.98 100.00
-----------------------------------------------------------------
8/13/2012 97.81 100.00
-----------------------------------------------------------------
8/14/2012 97.60 95.18
-----------------------------------------------------------------
8/15/2012 95.08 67.55
-----------------------------------------------------------------
8/16/2012 98.42 100.00
-----------------------------------------------------------------
8/17/2012 98.48 100.00
-----------------------------------------------------------------
8/18/2012 98.02 98.33
-----------------------------------------------------------------
8/19/2012 97.68 98.81
-----------------------------------------------------------------
8/20/2012 93.25 62.24
-----------------------------------------------------------------
8/21/2012 98.56 96.50
-----------------------------------------------------------------
8/22/2012 96.87 63.46
-----------------------------------------------------------------
8/23/2012 97.13 27.12
-----------------------------------------------------------------

The raw test data is also presented graphically in Figure 1 to show the correlation between raw mill downtime and mercury removal. When the raw mill is shut down for maintenance or other reasons, the amount of mercury going into the carbon bughouse increases and so does the gas temperature. As can be seen from the data presented the removal of mercury ranged from a low value of 93.25 to a high value of 98.69 percent. Notice the last two data points for mercury removal and raw mill runtime when the amount of MBS was at ~ 16.85 percent of the total volume in the carbon baghouse. Even though the raw mill was down for substantial amounts of time, the mercury removal remained at approximately 97 percent. These mercury removal numbers are higher than on August 15th and 20th when the raw mill runtime was 67.55 and 62.24 percent and mercury removal was at 95.08 and 93.25 percent, respectively.

The chemical processes that occur within the off-gas system at the facility are not specifically known, but we can assume the following -- The mercury contained in the off-gas is present as several species that include elemental mercury, ionized mercury, and halogenated mercury. Upon reaching the carbon baghouse, these species are sorbed onto the carbon or chemically react with MBS.

Mercury compounds, including those sorbed to carbon, all exhibit certain amounts of volatilization, which increases with increasing temperature. When the raw mill is running, the average temperatures in the carbon baghouse range from 220 to 225 degrees F and increase to between 255 and 260 degrees F when the raw mill is down. The quantity of mercury entering the carbon baghouse also increases at these times due to a number of factors including the increase in mercury volatility with increasing temperature throughout the system. The quantity of mercury escaping from the carbon baghouse also increases during these times because of the volatilization of mercury previously sorbed to the carbon.

Different forms of mercury exhibit different volatilities with change in temperature. Of the probable mercury compounds that should exist at in the baghouse, elemental mercury is the least stable and strongly volatilizes from carbon at 190 degrees F. Mercury sulfide, the compound formed by reactions of MBS with mercury species, does not volatilize appreciably until a temperature of 350 degrees F is reached. As such, mercury sulfide's volatilization temperature is well above the temperatures reached in the carbon baghouse, indicating that mercury would not volatilize from mercury sulfide compounds at temperatures encountered during raw mill down time. Therefore, it would be beneficial to increase the quantity of mercury sulfide that is formed within the carbon baghouse. Since the quantity of mercury entering the carbon baghouse is fixed by processes external to that baghouse, increasing the quantity of fresh MBS and the percentage of sulfide reagent within the MBS would increase the quantity of mercury sulfide formed on the surface of the bags and decrease the amount of mercury released from the baghouse at higher temperatures.

Conclusions

MBS can remove very significant quantities of mercury from the cement plant off-gas within the carbon baghouse and not release that mercury during those periods when the raw mill is not operating. If MBS was added at higher doses than what was added during the full-scale run, the mercury removal from the off-gas should be higher than the values realized during the full-scale test

Contact:

JAMES FALLACARO

Email Contact

941-685-1616

WWW.GLBTECH.COM

Citizens living near cement kilns have suffered needlessly for over 30 years. The conspiracy of private corporations and government for the purposes of poisoning is treason and nothing less than premeditated random homicide...the conspirators know that at least 2,500 citizens will die as a result of their profit driven pollution, they just don't know who will specifically subcome. If they knew the specific names of those who would die from their poisons, we would call it premeditated murder.

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