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Making America Polluted Again

The recent slew of administration attacks on protections for clean water, clean air and food and worker safety could send America back to a time of unchecked pollution.

The recent slew of administration attacks on protections for clean water, clean air and food and worker safety could send America back to a time of unchecked pollution.

U.S. National Archives and Records Administration

In 1971, the EPA launched Documerica, a project to capture images of environmental problems, EPA activities and everyday life in America. Freelance photographers captured more than 15,000 photos of the heightened air and water crises of that time. These pictures show us the situation we could return to if we defang and defund the EPA. 

  • October, 1973: Mary Workman holds a jar of undrinkable water that comes from her well near Steubenville, Ohio and has filed a damage suit against the Hanna Coal Company. She has to transport water from a well many miles away.

    October, 1973: Mary Workman holds a jar of undrinkable water that came from her well near Steubenville, Ohio. She has to transport water from a well many miles away, and she has filed a damage suit against the Hanna Coal Company.

    U.S. National Archives and Records Administration
  • Abandoned automobiles and other debris clutter an acid water- and oil-filled five-acre pond near Ogden, Utah in April 1974. It was cleaned up under EPA supervision to prevent possible contamination of Great Salt Lake and a wildlife refuge nearby.

    April, 1974: Abandoned automobiles and other debris clutter an acid water- and oil-filled five-acre pond near Ogden, Utah. The pond was cleaned up under EPA supervision to prevent possible contamination of the Great Salt Lake and a wildlife refuge nearby.

    U.S. National Archives and Records Administration
  • December, 1974: Miner Wayne Gipson, 39, with his daughter Tabitha, 3. He has just gotten home from his job as a conveyor belt operator at a non-union mine.

    December, 1974: Miner Wayne Gipson, 39, sits with his daughter Tabitha, 3. He has just gotten home from his job as a conveyor belt operator at a non-union mine.

    U.S. National Archives and Records Administration
  • Chemical plants on shore are considered a prime source of pollution for Lake Charles, Louisiana in June 1972.

    June, 1972: Chemical plants on the shores of Lake Charles in Louisiana are considered a prime source of the lake’s pollution.

    U.S. National Archives and Records Administration
  • October, 1973: Floyd Lamb holds waste ash that has been shipped from Cleveland and dumped in some of the strip pits off route 33.

    October, 1973: Floyd Lamb holds waste ash that was shipped from Cleveland, Ohio, and dumped in some of the strip pits off of Route 33.

    U.S. National Archives and Records Administration
  • July, 1973: Clark Avenue and Clark Avenue Bridge in Cleveland, Ohio, obscured by smoke from heavy industry.

    July, 1973: Clark Avenue and Clark Avenue Bridge in Cleveland, Ohio, are obscured by smoke from heavy industry.

    U.S. National Archives and Records Administration
  • August 1972: Children play in yard of Ruston home, while a Tacoma smelter stack showers the area with arsenic and lead residue in Ruston, Washington.

    August, 1972: Children play in a yard while a Tacoma smelter stack showers the area with arsenic and lead residue in Ruston, Washington.

    U.S. National Archives and Records Administration
  • Smoke and gas from the burning of discarded automobile batteries pours into the sky near Houston, Texas, in July of 1972.

    July, 1972: Smoke and gas from the burning of discarded automobile batteries pours into the sky near Houston, Texas.

    U.S. National Archives and Records Administration
  • Day becomes night when industrial smog is heavy in North Birmingham, Alabama, as on this day in July of 1972. Sitting adjacent to the U.S. Pipe plant, this is the most heavily polluted area of the city.

    July, 1972: Day becomes night when industrial smog is heavy in North Birmingham, Alabama. Sitting adjacent to the U.S. Pipe plant, this is the most heavily polluted area of the city.

    U.S. National Archives and Records Administration
  • Water cooling towers of the John Amos Power Plant loom over Poca, WV, home that is on the other side of the Kanawha River. Two of the towers emit great clouds of steam.

    August, 1973: The water cooling towers of the John Amos Power Plant loom over a Poca, West Virginia, home that is on the other side of the Kanawha River. Two of the towers emit great clouds of steam.

    U.S. National Archives and Records Administration
  • From the National Water Quality Laboratory, a June 1973, photo of the severely deformed spine of a Jordanella fish, the result of methyl mercury present in the water.

    June, 1973: From the National Water Quality Laboratory comes a photo of the severely deformed spine of a Jordanella fish, the result of methyl mercury present in the water where it lived.

    U.S. National Archives and Records Administration
  • February 1973: Burning garbage at an open dump on highway 112

    February, 1973: Garbage burns at an open dump on highway 112.

    U.S. National Archives and Records Administration



In Springdale, Pennsylvania, residents who live near the Cheswick coal-fired power plant say they have the neighbor from hell. Plumes of soot laced with toxic chemicals, such as mercury and arsenic, rise from the plant’s smokestacks. The local school nurse says there’s an epidemic of asthma in the neighborhood. Soot blackens houses; it blackens lungs. Some parents tell their children that when they grow up, they should leave town.

Springdale is a window into why we need the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

Though we’ve made tremendous progress since the days when smog choked our streets and rivers caught fire, people in communities like Springdale and across the country are still fighting for their right to clean air and clean water.

Established by a Republican president in 1970 to address America’s dirty air and water crises, the EPA still has much work ahead of it. Air pollution still kills 1 in 20 Americans. More than 4 million women of child-bearing age are exposed to levels of mercury that can harm fetal brain development. The need for strong environmental safeguards, as well as other protections that clamp down on industrial and corporate abuse, hasn’t gone away. That’s why Earthjustice is going to court to stop the Trump administration’s efforts to undo the EPA rules that protect the public and keep polluters in check. 

Among the latest in a string of Trump’s controversial executive orders is one that directs federal agencies to repeal two protections for every new protection they issue. This “one in, two out” rule might sound good on Twitter, but it’s illegal and just plain senseless. At Earthjustice, we’re calling it the “False Choices” executive order.

Trump’s order would effectively block government agencies from issuing new health, consumer or workplace safeguards unless they repeal existing ones. Scientists and public health experts at agencies like the EPA, the Occupational Safety and Health Administration and the Food and Drug Administration could be forced to choose among vital protections. Imagine asking a family to choose between experiencing cancer-causing soot pollution and allowing a pesticide into their food that harms children’s developing brains. Imagine ordering dedicated civil servants to trade protections for one community or group of American workers for safeguards to help another. This can’t be our future. 

The executive order also says that the net cost of implementing a new protection must be zeroed out by eliminating at least two other rules. Any public health benefits—and accompanying economic gains—do not figure into this cynical calculation. According to this line of thinking, fewer missed days of work, healthier kids and thousands of lives saved due to fewer heart attacks aren’t worth anything.

The idea that government safeguards cost jobs or hamstring the economy is simply not true. The health benefits to the public outweigh the costs to industry by at least 3-to-1, adding up to as much $9 in health benefits for every $1 spent on protections. New limits on mercury and arsenic pollution from power plants, for example, would prevent 11,000 premature deaths, nearly 5,000 heart attacks and 130,000 asthma attacks, as well as 540,000 missed days of work, every year.

In fact, the benefits of all major environmental rules over the past 10 years, according the White House Office of Management and Budget, have outweighed the costs by at least 2 to 1, though sometimes by as much as 14 to 1. The economy is more than companies—it’s also America’s workers, consumers and families.

But this new executive order ignores all the lives saved, productivity gained and suffering relieved by government safeguards. The only cost that matters is to the corporate bottom line—not the cost for a parent who misses work to stay home with an asthmatic kid, not the cost of medical bills for cash-strapped families and not the devastating cost of losing a loved one. This order will ensure that polluters’ pocketbooks are protected while the public pays the price.

America’s federal agencies are responsible for protecting people from harm. They cannot comply with President Trump’s executive order without violating the fundamental laws that give them their authority. Earthjustice is asking the courts to strike down this unconstitutional order as a classic case of presidential overreach.

We’re fighting to protect the invaluable public safeguards that this administration seems determined to gut. It’s now up to the courts to remind the president that no one is above the law.