September 25, 2023. Defendant County of Hawai‘i (“Defendant”) has been violating, and continues to violate, the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, also known as the Clean Water Act (“CWA”), 33 U.S.C. §§ 1251 et seq., by continuously discharging treated sewage from the Kealakehe Wastewater Treatment Plant
(“Kealakehe WWTP”) into the Pacific Ocean—a water of the United States—via groundwater without the required National Pollutant Discharge Elimination
System (“NPDES”) permit.