San Francisco, CA
A California Superior Court issued a victory for Bayview environmental health advocates by blocking the proposed early transfer of the toxic parcels of the Hunters Point Superfund site.
The judge ruled that a City of San Francisco Environmental Impact Report (“EIR”) unlawfully approved a plan for the early transfer of parcels at the US Navy Hunters Point Shipyard, a Superfund site, without an environmental cleanup.
“The court finds that the EIR does not adequately inform the public that the developer proposes to remediate portions of the shipyard instead of the Navy under an early transfer agreement … Therefore, the court orders that the development of a parcel at the shipyard site may not proceed until the CERCLA remediation process for the parcel is complete and approved by regulating agencies as safe for human health and development, unless an early transfer is approved after completion of environmental review in compliance with CEQA,” according to the Judge’s ruling.
As of now, none of the parcels of the shipyard proposed for development have undergone a complete environmental remediation approved by regulatory agencies. The court’s ruling blocks the San Francisco’s efforts to immediately transfer contaminated shipyard parcels to the developer, Lennar Urban Corporation, for a proposed construction project on the 702-acre Superfund site.
City officials and the Lennar Corporation claimed there was no need for the EIR to evaluate the environmental and health impacts of an early transfer of contaminated shipyard parcels to the City and the Lennar Corp. prior to an environmental clean-up. However, the court found no legal basis for this claim because the California Environmental Quality Act required the City to evaluate these impacts. The court also determined that the EIR inadequately informed the public that the plan for early transfer would make the City and Lennar, not the US Navy, responsible for the cleanup of the contaminated shipyard parcels.
“Local residents are extremely concerned about the toxic and radiological contamination at the Shipyard,” said George Torgun, an attorney with Earthjustice who represented community groups in the lawsuit against the City. “The community supports the cleanup and redevelopment of the area and they welcome the jobs it will bring,” Torgun pointed out, “but they want some assurance that the site will be safe and the redevelopment work will not harm the workers on the project and surrounding residents.”
Pollution problems at the Hunters Point Shipyard date back to World War II, when the Shipyard’s massive dry docks were used to build and repair U.S. Navy warships. Fuels, solvents, and lead paint were routinely used—and dumped—at the facility.
When atomic tests began in the south Pacific, radioactive waste was added to the toxic mix. From 1946 to 1969, the Naval Radiological Defense Laboratory at Hunters Point decontaminated ships and studied the effects of nuclear weapons.
The shipyard was later leased to the Triple A Machine Shop, a company that was eventually charged with criminal violations for the illegal storage and disposal of hazardous waste on the property.
In 1989, the shipyard was designated as San Francisco’s only federal Superfund site under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA).
Earthjustice, a non-profit public interest law firm, argued the suit on behalf of People Organized to Win Employment Rights (POWER) and Greenaction, two community organizations based in Bayview-Hunters Point. The neighborhood is one of the most economically-disadvantaged areas of San Francisco with large communities of color. Residents already suffer an elevated rate of asthma and other respiratory diseases.
“This ruling to block early transfer is an important win for this community that had been dealt a stacked deck. It is a victory for our health, for our families, and for our future. The Lennar Corporation is known for ignoring toxic contamination in other regions where it develops on decommissioned military sites, and Bayview Hunters Point is one community where we will not allow them to cut corners,” said Jaron Browne of POWER. “However, even with this ruling, we need to remain vigilant that the Navy genuinely completes a thorough clean-up and does not rush the process to meet development timetables.”
“This is a great victory for health and environmental justice, and for all the current and future residents of Bayview Hunters Point who don’t want to live or raise their kids on toxic soil,” said Marie Harrison, Greenaction community organizer and long-time Bayview Hunters Point resident.
“Look, it’s simple, we just want development that is safe for the workers, the community, and anyone working, living, and raising families in our neighborhood,” said POWER member and Bayview resident Esselene Stancil. “Any community deserves that.”