Proposed mining exploration activities at the headwaters of Montana’s famed Smith River threaten to degrade water and further strain already low stream flows, according to a formal legal complaint filed in Montana District Court.
Conservation advocates, supported by Smith River outfitters, filed the formal complaint on Friday, March 14th against the Montana Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) and Tintina Alaska Exploration, Inc., alleging that DEQ failed to conduct an adequate analysis of the many environmental impacts associated with the Black Butte Copper Project, a copper exploration mine proposed by a subsidiary of Canada-based Tintina Resources, Inc.
“To kill a trout stream isn’t a crime; it is a sin,” stated Mike Geary of Lewis and Clark Expeditions, the largest outfitter on the Smith River. “To put the entire Smith River in jeopardy isn’t a risk I would like to take. The mine will affect all downstream recreational and agricultural users. I believe that both DEQ and Tintina haven’t presented a rigorous environmental analysis. They both need to be beyond reproach, and they are not.”
The proposed Black Butte Copper Project is located on the banks of Sheep Creek, a major tributary of the Smith River. The Sheep Creek drainage accounts for over half of the tributary spawning for rainbow trout in the Smith River drainage, and is a critical source of water for the Smith’s frequently low in-stream flows. The Smith River is Montana’s only permitted recreational river, and is renowned for its spectacular scenery, world-class trout fishing opportunities, and unique float trip experience.
Tintina proposes to construct an 18-foot high by 18-foot wide, mile-long underground tunnel, or “decline,” that will produce a 10,000-ton bulk sample of rock for testing. The decline will drop below the water table, and Tintina plans to pump water out of the decline to keep it from flooding. The pumped wastewater, which contains arsenic and other toxic chemicals, would then be discharged to lands in the area.
Under the Montana Environmental Policy Act, DEQ is required to conduct an environmental analysis of these proposed mine exploration activities. The draft analysis garnered significant public outcry, with almost 4,000 comments sent into DEQ during the comment period, the majority of which were opposed to the project. The final analysis presented by DEQ did not adequately assess the full range of environmental impacts associated with the proposed exploration activities, including impacts to water quality, stream flows, and fisheries.
“Montana has a long and sad history with large, out-of-state mining companies conducting temporary mining activities, only to leave Montana taxpayers and families with a legacy of pollution, environmental damages, and clean-up costs,” stated Jim Jensen of the Montana Environmental Information Center.
“The Smith River deserves our most rigorous effort to protect it from mine pollution and dewatering,” stated Bonnie Gestring of Earthworks. “That’s our aim.”
“Montana’s laws and constitution prohibit the state from blindly authorizing potentially destructive activities like the Black Butte Copper Project,” stated Jenny Harbine with Earthjustice. “Montanans and the wildlife who depend on pristine water quality and adequate flows in the Smith River deserves no less than the full protections afforded by these laws.”
The Montana Environmental Information Center and Earthworks, represented by Earthjustice, filed the legal complaint in Meagher County.
Read the complaint.