Civil Rights Complainants Denounce Company’s Intimidation Tactics

Lawsuit viewed as egregious attempt to intimidate community and stifle free speech and public participation

Civil Rights Complainants today denounced Green Group Holdings, owners of the Arrowhead Landfill in Uniontown, Ala., for filing a lawsuit Wednesday targeting members of Black Belt Citizens Fighting for Health and Justice. Green Group Holdings’ lawsuit was filed in federal court in Mobile, Alabama.

Uniontown is one of the lowest-income towns in the second-lowest-income county in Alabama.

Black Belt Citizens is a community-based volunteer group fighting to protect the health of community residents living in the shadow of a mountain of coal ash dumped in Uniontown after the coal ash breached a dam in Kingston, Tennessee. Four million tons of coal ash were shipped by rail more than 300 miles to Uniontown, one of the poorest towns in the second-poorest county in Alabama.  Green Group Holdings’ suit, which seeks $30 million in damages, seems calculated to intimidate and silence Uniontown residents who have exercised free speech to voice concerns about the effects of Arrowhead Landfill on their community.

Many residents of the largely poor, African American community believe the Landfill has caused numerous harms to the people who live nearby, some of whom live only feet from a mountain of coal ash and garbage. In 2013, residents filed a civil rights complaint raising concerns about health problems, odor, dust, noise, flies, vultures, and other impacts of the Landfill on the enjoyment of their property. The complaint was filed with EPA’s Office of Civil Rights against the Alabama Department of Environmental Management (ADEM), which allows the Landfill to accept waste, including coal ash, from 33 states.

Chris Jordan-Bloch / Earthjustice
Esther Calhoun, at her church near Uniontown. The coal ash dump sits between Calhoun’s home and her church.

Among the statements highlighted by Green Group Holdings as allegedly false and defamatory were comments by community resident Esther Calhoun, who is quoted as saying that all people should have the right to clean air and clean water. The Landfill’s lawsuit quotes Calhoun as saying, “As a black woman, our voices are not heard. EPA hasn’t listened and ADEM has not listened. Whether you are white or black, rich or poor, it should still matter and we all should have the right to clean air and clean water.”

Below are statements by Marianne Engelman Lado of Earthjustice and Bill Dawson of Bill Dawson Law in Birmingham, Ala. regarding the news:

“This lawsuit is outrageous,” said Marianne Engelman Lado of Earthjustice. “I believe this is nothing more than an attempt to quiet those who have lifted their voices in protest. Green Group Holdings should be ashamed of itself for trying to intimidate community members to prevent them from exercising their rights to be heard. This is the latest in a long line of impacts to the community.”

“The lawsuit is flatly baseless and totally frivolous, being an effort to try to intimidate these citizens,” said Bill Dawson, one of the attorneys representing the individuals on the defamation charges.

Matt Swerdlin, another of the attorneys working on the defense, added: “We will fight the Landfill at every step on its preposterous claims. Threatening and intimidating participants in a Civil Rights Act complaint is illegal, plain and simple.”


Earthjustice represents Uniontown community members in a 2013 Title VI Civil Rights Complaint to the Environmental Protection Agency alleging that the Alabama Department of Environmental Management (ADEM) reissued the Landfill’s permit without taking actions to avoid disproportionate adverse impacts on the basis of race, and despite the objections of Uniontown residents.

High volumes of coal ash came to Uniontown following the largest coal ash spill in U.S. history, which sent a billion gallons of toxic waste across riverfront property in Kingston, Tennessee. Coal ash was sent from the predominantly white, middle class Kingston community to Uniontown, Alabama, which is 87% African American and has a per capita income of about $8,000. Uniontown is a classic example of a low-income community of color overburdened with an unfair share of environmental hazards, exactly what Title VI of the Civil Rights Act is designed to prevent. 

Coal ash is the toxic remnants of coal that is burned in power plants to generate electricity. It contains numerous toxins and carcinogens.

For more, read A Toxic Inheritance, an Earthjustice feature story.

Annette Gibbs and her husband William
Annette Gibbs and her husband William stand in their front yard, near the Arrowhead Landfill in Perry County, Ala. Four million cubic yards of toxic coal ash were scooped up from Harriman, Tenn., the site of the nation's worst toxic spill, and dumped at the landfill. (Chris Jordan-Bloch/Earthjustice)

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