The Environmental Protection Agency today strengthened federal standards to make it harder for the chemical industry to use people as test subjects in pesticide research that is sent to EPA to help set health protection standards.
“This will better protect Americans from often unethical and unscientific human testing by pesticide manufacturers,” said Jennifer Sass, senior scientist in the Natural Resources Defense Council’s health and environmental program. “While the new standards do not completely ban human testing, they prohibit the EPA from considering pesticide tests conducted on pregnant women and children. They also protect people by ensuring that the EPA puts sound science in determining whether a human study can be relied upon for setting human health standards. Following settlement of a lawsuit brought by NRDC and a coalition of environmental and farmworker advocacy groups, EPA took a step forward today to protect public health.”
Attorneys with NRDC, Earthjustice, and Farmworker Justice served as legal counsel for the coalition.
“We are gratified that EPA is cracking down on egregious tests on people that allowed the chemical industry to expose people to dangerous pesticides,” said Earthjustice Vice President for Litigation, Patti Goldman.
EPA strengthened the standards with new amendments to a 2006 rule, “Protections for Subjects in Human Research.” According to the EPA, the standards are intended to guide third parties including pesticide companies and other research sponsors who want to submit research to the agency involving exposing people to pesticides. The EPA said the new amendments implement National Academy of Sciences recommendations and seek to satisfy EPA’s commitments under a 2010 settlement agreement with the groups who challenged the 2006 rule.
A coalition of health and environmental advocates, and farmworker protection groups filed a lawsuit against EPA in 2006 agency seeking to prohibit EPA’s reliance on these unethical experiments that often led to weakened pesticide safety standards. The groups claimed that its 2006 rule violated a law Congress passed a year earlier requiring strict ethical and scientific protections for pesticide testing on humans.
“The pesticide industry has used these unethical experiments to argue for weaker pesticide safety standards. We hope that the new regulations will result in greater protections for those who are most exposed to pesticides, particularly farmworkers and their families,” said Bruce Goldstein, president of Farmworker Justice.
The 2006 lawsuit was brought by the Farm Labor Organizing Committee, Migrant Clinicians Network, NRDC, Pesticide Action Network North America, United Farm Workers, Pineros y Campesinos Unidos del Noroeste (Northwest Treeplanters and Farmworkers United) and the San Francisco Bay Area Physicians for Social Responsibility.