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Vestiges of Environmental Racism: Closing California’s Last Two Municipal Waste Incinerators

A new report examines the environmental, financial, and public health harms of incinerators with a focus on the two incinerators left in California and provides an overview of an alternative approach for managing waste through the implementation of a zero-waste strategy.

Map of municipal waste incinerators in California.

Covanta Stanislaus Incinerator

Stanislaus County

Southeast Resource Recovery Facility (SERRF)

Long Beach

There are two municipal solid waste incinerators still operating in California: the Southeast Resource Recovery Facility (SERRF) in Long Beach and the Covanta Stanislaus incinerator in Stanislaus County.

The problems with these incinerators in California are emblematic of the larger problems with incinerators across the country.

To start, these incinerators pollute the environment and harm public health by converting waste into harmful air emissions and toxic ash. Financially-strapped local governments and residents have also been forced to pay millions of dollars to subsidize the expensive maintenance and operations of these aging incinerators.

Further, SERRF and Covanta Stanislaus emit a large amount of greenhouse gases, while producing very little energy — contrary to their branding as “waste-to-energy” facilities.

Southeast Resource Recovery Facility (SERRF) Incinerator in Long Beach.
East Yard Communities for Environmental Justice
Southeast Resource Recovery Facility (SERRF) Incinerator in Long Beach.

These incinerators also stand in the way of a zero-waste future because they compete with more sustainable methods of waste management for the same materials and the same government funds.

Additionally, the State of California incentivizes local jurisdictions to send their waste to the incinerators through the use of “diversion credits” — credits towards meeting State goals to reduce waste for recycling and composting — and then does not provide adequate funding so that local jurisdictions can effectively transition to zero-waste.

Ultimately, these facilities are obstacles to a full investment in a zero-waste future for California residents and should not be subsidized or supported any longer.

Chart of California’s 2018 waste disposal stream.

Glass

2%

Household
Hazardous Waste

0%

Electronic

1%

Metal

5%

Special
Waste

7%

Other
Materials

10%

Organic

34%

Plastic

12%

Paper

17%

Inerts &
Others

14%

California’s 2018 Waste Disposal Stream

Community groups across California, including East Yard Communities for Environmental Justice and Valley Improvement Projects, support the creation of a zero-waste economy in the State, which precludes the continued use of incinerators and landfills.

Zero-waste is both a goal and a strategy that aims to:

  1. Conserve resources through various practices such as composting, recycling, and improved product design; and
  2. Stop the incineration and landfilling of waste — practices that harm human health and the environment.

It does not make sense to continue to spend millions of dollars on facilities that burn and destroy materials — which then leads to continued extraction — instead of figuring out how to conserve these resources for future generations and protect public health and the environment from contamination.

East Yard community clothing swap event.
East Yard Communities for Environmental Justice
Practices such as this East Yard community clothing swap event support zero-waste through conservation and keeping resources out of incinerators and landfills.

To that end, East Yard Communities for Environmental Justice and Valley Improvement Projects make the following recommendations.

Recommendation:
End Municipal Waste Incineration

California Legislature:

  • Ban the construction or approval of any new incinerators and thermal treatment facilities (e.g., gasification and pyrolysis) in California.
  • Ban the use of diversion credits — both foreign and domestic.

Local Governments:

  • Close the SERRF and Covanta Stanislaus incinerators as soon as their current contracts expire, in 2024 and 2027, respectively. In the meantime, local governments should minimize the use of the incinerators and divert waste into composting, recycling, reduction, and reuse.

Recommendation:
Plan for a Zero-Waste Future

Local Governments:

  • Implement zero-waste plans in the City of Long Beach and Stanislaus County by no later than 2024 that actively incorporate community feedback and ideas from the beginning of the planning process through implementation.

Recommendation:
Invest in a Zero-Waste Future

California Legislature:

  • Provide consistent funding from the State’s General Fund for CalRecycle to effectively support and expand zero-waste programs and infrastructure, including grant and loan programs.

Local Governments:

  • Enact new funding mechanisms to provide long-term support for zero-waste programs, like recycling and composting.

The Report

Download Report

Vestiges of Environmental Racism: Closing California’s Last Two Municipal Waste Incinerators.

Executive Summary

Introduction

Chapter 1: The Problems With Incinerators

  • SERRF And Covanta Stanislaus Harm Community Members And The Environment
    1. Toxic Air Pollution
    2. Deadly Diesel Pollution
    3. Toxic Ash
  • SERRF And Covanta Stanislaus Are Outdated And Expensive
  • SERRF And Covanta Stanislaus Do Not Produce Much Energy, But Do Produce A Large Amount Of Greenhouse Gases
  • SERRF And Covanta Stanislaus Are Incompatible With A Zero-Waste Future

Chapter 2: Waste Management in California

Chapter 3: Zero-Waste Future

  • What Does Zero-Waste Mean?
    1. Reduction and Redesign
    2. Community-Centered
    3. Job Creation
  • Lack Of Funding: An Obstacle To Achieving Zero-Waste

Recommendations

Conclusion

Endnotes

This report is presented by Earthjustice’s Community Partnerships Program in partnership with East Yard Communities for Environmental Justice and Valley Improvement Projects

Related Resources

Newark children demand clean air instead of pollution from local incinerators.

New Jersey’s Dirty Secret: The Injustice of Incinerators and Trash Energy in New Jersey’s Frontline Communities

A report highlights the health harms and injustice of burning trash in New Jersey’s frontline communities and calls for the elimination of “clean energy” subsidies for New Jersey’s polluting incinerators.

A visual graphic of an incinerator.

Ironbound Unyielding

A Newark neighborhood that borders one of the most polluted bodies of water in the U.S. is pushing Covanta to take responsibility for the waste it emits into the surrounding community. Read the story.

Media Inquiries

Earthjustice's Community Partnerships Program provides legal and advocacy resources to local leaders demanding a safe, just, and healthy environment in which their communities can thrive — no matter how long the fight. Learn more.
California's Incinerators