The Biggest Climate Spending Bill Ever Just Turned One. Here’s What It Has Achieved.

We’re celebrating a booming clean economy, lower energy costs, a path forward to reducing harmful pollution, and more than 170,600 new clean energy jobs so far.

A long line of wind turbines on a tree covered mountain ridge. In this aerial view, turbines stand in a row along the top of Backbone Mountain on August 22, 2022 in Oakland, Maryland. The 70-megawatt wind farm runs along eight miles of the mountain ridge and consists of 28 Clipper 2.5 MW Liberty Turbines, each one 415-feet tall.
(Chip Somodevilla / Getty Images)

Last year, President Joe Biden signed a landmark $391 billion climate solutions investment bill — the Inflation Reduction Act (IRA). This once-in-a-generation legislation has supercharged the process of replacing our deadly fossil fuel economy with clean energy while investing in critical air monitoring technologies, pollution reduction programs, environmental justice priorities, and efficient permitting processes.

As the bill reaches its one-year anniversary, we can begin to measure its impact in terms of jobs created (170,606 and counting, with an economic value of $278 billion), decreasing energy costs (dropping by more than $1,000 a year for the average family), and investment in reducing harmful pollution ($27 billion to cut emissions and advance clean energy projects). If we build on the momentum of the IRA, a future that averts the worse effects of the climate crisis is within reach.

President Biden at a desk signing paper

U.S. President Joe Biden, center, signs The Inflation Reduction Act with Senate Majority Leader Charles Schumer (D-NY) (L) and House Majority Whip James Clyburn (D-SC) in the State Dining Room of the White House August 16, 2022 in Washington, DC. (Drew Angerer / Getty Images)

While there is much to celebrate, this bill was a compromise and came at a cost to communities already facing the disparate impacts of pollution and the climate crisis. Earthjustice has said from the beginning that we will stand shoulder-to-shoulder with communities in Alaska, Appalachia, and the Gulf Coast and ensure they are not left behind in the energy transition. We remain committed to fulfilling that promise and fighting the law’s harmful provisions.

Let’s dive into some of the areas where funds from this climate legislation have been making the biggest difference.

Wind and solar energy

Man on roof putting a solar panel in place

Solar panels being installed on the roof of a home in Frankfort, Ky., Monday, July 17, 2023. (Michael Conroy / AP)

For the first time ever, wind and solar power generated more electricity than dirty coal-fired power over the first five months of 2023. Plus, because of the ramp up in clean energy production, the cost of wind and solar has decreased, making it less expensive than coal, oil and methane gas. The increase in new solar and wind production has also contributed to a more reliable grid that has kept homes cool and families safe during this summer’s extreme heat.

In homes and communities

As large parts of the country are suffering under dangerous heatwaves, affordable clean energy access is more important than ever. The IRA’s funds have unlocked access to clean energy programs for millions of Americans, including communities of color and low-income communities who for too long have been disproportionately impacted by climate change and pollution.


Thanks to the 2022 climate legislation, funds to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from industrial agriculture have been put to use to reduce emissions and sequester carbon in the soil, allowing the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) to advance climate-smart farming and forestry.


BYD’s “Achiever” electric school bus. This model is made in California by union workers.

BYD’s “Achiever” electric school bus. This model is made in California by union workers. (Courtesy of BYD)

The transportation sector is the largest contributor to U.S. greenhouse gas emissions, spewing massive amounts of toxic air pollution into communities across the country. Since the passage of the IRA, we’ve begun to transition the sector away from fossil fuels by investing billions in zero-emissions transportation.

Check out some of the transportation grant opportunities available to communities.

Fighting to secure a clean and just future

The Inflation Reduction Act’s transformative investments in clean energy have broken major ground in the fight against climate change, but the implementation hasn’t come without challenges.

From the beginning, Earthjustice has worked hard to realize the tremendous positive potential of the IRA’s funds while preventing harmful fossil fuel-friendly subsidies. We fought alongside our partners against a dirty permitting side deal weakening the bill’s climate progress by mandating fossil fuel projects and further endangering frontline communities. Over the past year since the bill’s passage, we’ve continued to fight for removing other harmful provisions in the IRA that hold clean energy development on our public lands hostage to continued oil and gas leasing.

When Senator Manchin attempted to ram a dirty permitting deal through Congress, we stood with our environmental justice partners and successfully fought back. Since then, we’ve fiercely opposed multiple efforts in Congress to gut bedrock environmental laws like the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) that protect communities and give them a voice. We’ve also fought against using IRA funds to finance false solutions like dirty hydrogen projects that threaten our climate and health, and carbon capture and storage technologies that threaten to extend the life of fossil fuels and perpetuate the harms of pollution in overburdened communities.

In addition to fighting harmful provisions in the IRA, Earthjustice, in partnership with environmental justice organizations, helped advocate for directing the legislation’s funds towards programs like ‘Solar for All’ to fund solar projects in low-income communities.

On the Ground: Community projects

A man putting a small white monitor on the front porch of a home with a large American flag on it.

Willie Dodson, Central Appalachian Field Coordinator for Appalachian Voices, installs an air monitor onto a house in Wilson Creek, Kentucky. (Michael Swensen for Earthjustice)

The IRA has empowered communities to lead their own environmental justice and clean energy projects by committing millions of dollars in federal funding to go to local governments, air quality districts, tribes and other organizations — at least $480 million so far.

The former coal mining town of Keystone, West Virginia is one of the many communities benefiting from these grants. An initiative called the Upper South and Appalachia Citizen Air Monitoring Project received $118,000 to aid in setting up air monitoring equipment in Keystone and other locations across West Virginia, Virginia, Kentucky, Pennsylvania, and Tennessee where coal dust, natural gas compressor stations, landfills, chemical facilities, or some combination of the above have raised health concerns for years. The data collected from the devices will help local residents understand the risks they may be facing and potentially help them advocate for stronger air quality standards.

“In West Virginia… regulators do not operate a single particulate matter monitor anywhere in the state’s southern coalfields,” said Willie Dodson, Central Appalachian Field Coordinator for Appalachian Voices. “Through this project, the people who are directly impacted by air pollution will be collecting important data firsthand to try to fill in those gaps. I’m excited at this opportunity to build power alongside such an impressive coalition of grassroots groups.”

In Eugene, Oregon, which has faced devastating damage from wildfires in recent years, the Northwest Youth Corps received $120,000 to train young people to clean up fire hazards such as dead vegetation on U.S. Forest Service lands. These are just a couple of the local projects that have been able to get off the ground because of the IRA.

Last year’s climate legislation has given us the opportunity to make an enormous leap forward in the fight to preserve a livable planet. Earthjustice will never stop working to ensure that we seize this opportunity by implementing this climate legislation in the most powerful, just, and equitable way possible. Our climate, communities, and health cannot wait, and Earthjustice celebrates the arrival of a clean future.

Molly is a writer and editor at Earthjustice, sharing the stories of our lawyers, clients, and partners.

Established in 1989, Earthjustice's Policy & Legislation team works with champions in Congress to craft legislation that supports and extends our legal gains.