Primarily used on cotton. Registered as a U.S. pesticide in 1984. Reregistered in 2006. Currently under registration review.
Dicrotophos is used in 15 states.
Dicrotophos is used in Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Kansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Missouri, New Mexico, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, and Virginia.
Data is not available for Alaska, D.C., Hawaiʻi, and U.S. Territories. Data represents the most recent year available from USGS. Details.
See detailed maps of dicrotophos usage by state and county.
Human Health Effects
Even at low levels of exposure, dicrotophos can lead to serious negative health effects.
High Risk Exposure Routes
People are exposed to dicrotophos through food and drinking water, even if they don’t live near areas where pesticides are sprayed. Details.
Food and/or Drinking Water
FarmworkersPeople performing post-application activities in previously treated fields, but do not directly apply pesticides themselves. Details.
Pesticide HandlersPeople involved in pesticide application process. Details.
Residential BystanderPeople who live near areas where pesticides are applied. Details.
High Residue Foods
Where residue levels of dicrotophos exceeded allowable limits or were not legally allowed to have residues. Details.
[No high residue foods were specifically identified from the USDA’s PDP database.]
No detection does not necessarily mean there are no residues of concern. A relatively small sample of food products is tested and not all organophosphate pesticides are tested for.
Moreover, current U.S. pesticide tolerance levels are not protective against neurodevelopmental harm in children, so detections at or below tolerance levels do not indicate no harm.
Where EPA allows dicrotophos to be used.
Ornamental/Non-Food Producing Trees
Estimated Use of Dicrotophos on Crops
Most recent agricultural crop usage data as provided by the U.S. Geographical Survey’s Pesticide National Synthesis Project. Does not reflect universal usage of dicrotophos. (How do EPest-low and EPest-high differ?)
U.S. Tolerances Categories & Commodities for Dicrotophos
The U.S. EPA sets maximum residue limits — known as “tolerances” — on the amount of dicrotophos that may remain in and on foods. The tolerance is the residue level that triggers enforcement actions.
Tolerances have been set for dicrotophos for: Agricultural Commodities. Maximum residue limits have been set for dicrotophos by the U.S. EPA for the following commodities: cotton.
U.S. EPA Human Health Risk Assessments for Dicrotophos
Human Health Risk Assessments are conducted by the U.S. EPA to estimate the nature and probability of harmful health effects in people who may be exposed to pesticide. They are used to make informed decisions about approving new pesticides and new uses of registered pesticides, and during our regular review of existing pesticides. Read the assessment for dicrotophos.